COVID-19 Diagnosis: Current trends and Future Prospects

COVID19 Diagnosis

COVID-19 is a highly contagious disease, caused by a novel coronavirus called the SARS-CoV-2, leading to respiratory illness with symptoms like dry cough and high fever. The disease has emerged in Wuhan Hubei Province, China in late December 2019 and has been declared as pandemic on March, 2020 by WHO. Till today COVID-19 pandemic is spreading at an alarming rate and has reached to 10.1 millioncases and killed 502 thousand people worldwide as of June 29,2020. As the disease spreads if an infected person coughs or sneezes near the healthy person, social distancing with infected person is very critical to …

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Biological Catalyst: A Paradigm Shift

paradigm shift

In the mid-1980s, there was a significant public concern on the huge amount of chemical waste generated by chemical and pharmaceutical industries. A paradigm shift was clearly needed from this traditional approach by the chemical industry with respect to the generation of hazardous and toxic waste. There was an immediate focus on cleaner chemistry, resource efficiency and bio-processes to produce less waste. This, alternative route, came to known as “Green Chemistry”. The industrial process of synthesizing different compounds largely depends on chemical catalysis where mostly heavy metals are used as a catalytic agent. Metals like rhodium, palladium, ruthenium are often …

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GO GREEN & CLEAN: Harnessing the beauty of enzymes for industrial applications

Enzyme Engineering

Enzymes are bio-catalysts that help in accomplishing chemical reactions at benign conditions; not requiring toxic chemicals or elevated temperature and pressure conditions. Enzymes are made up of a combination of 20 naturally occurring amino-acids connected to each other like beads on a necklace. Indeed, our human body has about 75000 enzymes, which aid in metabolism and digestion. Similarly, organisms such as Bacteria, Yeast, Fungi have a myriad set of enzymes assisting their functions. In the industry, enzymes have found several applications — in poultry, agriculture, textiles, & synthesis of active pharmaceutical ingredients (API)s. Often the wild-type (WT) enzyme isolated from …

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